AskDefine | Define selectivity

Dictionary Definition

selectivity n : the property of being selective

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

selectivity (Plural: selectivities)
  1. A measure of how selective something is; discrimination
  2. The ability of a radio receiver to separate a desired signal frequency from others.

Extensive Definition

The word selectivity has several meanings:
  • Selectivity, the ability to notice/distinguish small differences. Also the words selectiveness, refinement and discrimination are used. Discrimination is also a cultural term.
  • Electronic selectivity
  • In a database index, a measure for how many records will be retrieved for a given value of an attribute.
  • In natural sciences selectivity characterises either how selective reactions occur amongst several pathways which are typical in particular for organic reactions; or selectivity characterises how selective one particular compound is recognized, or bound, by something else, e.g. by a protein, in a supramolecular host-guest complex, or by parts of a sensor. High selectivity is often called specificity.
  • Selectivity (pharmacology) in pharmacology it is the preference of a drug for one mechanism of action over others that cause side effects.
selectivity in Danish: Selektiv
selectivity in Spanish: Selectividad
selectivity in Norwegian: Selektivitet
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